Bricolage 2.0 Drops

Bricolage 2.0 was released today. This is a pretty big deal, and a long time coming. The most important changes, from my point of view, are:

  • Revamped UI. As a 2006 Google Summer of Code project, Marshall Roch added a slew of Ajaxy goodness to the Bricolage UI. It used to be that, to dig down into a document, you needed to click through reloads for every level. Now the entire structure of a document is available on a single screen, and digging down takes place in situ. This means faster, easier document editing.

    There are other niceties too, thanks to Marshall, like as-you-type autocompletion of category URIs and keywords, popups for associating related documents, dynamic field generation for document keywords and user contacts, and animated workflow actions for moving, deleting, and publishing documents.

    These changes mark a truly impressive improvement in usability for the people who use Bricolage every day, and will by far be the most welcome change for our users.

  • Finer content control. Thanks to another 2006 Google Summer of Code project, Christian Muise implemented what we call “element occurrence specification.” Bricolage document structure is controlled by administrators creating document types with hierarchies of elements. Elements may contain fields—the types and value of which may also be specified (text, textarea, select list, etc.)—and other elements.

    In previous versions of Bricolage, if an element was a subelement of a document, one could add any number of that element to a document. Fields were a bit more controlled: you could only say whether one or many instances of a field were allowed in a given element.

    Element occurrence specification allows administrators to have much finer control over document elements by specifying the minimum and maximum number of instances of an element or field may occur. For example, one can say that a document may have only one instance of a field, or must have three, or may have between 3 and 5, or may have at least 3, or may have any number, including none.

    Bret Dawson put it really well in the Bricolage 2.0 Changes:

    Want every book review you publish to contain at least three but no more than 10 ISBN numbers? Want exactly four pull-quotes in every article? You can do that in Bricolage 2.

  • MySQL support. This, too, was a 2006 Google Summer of Code project, by Andrei Arsu. Yes, you can run Bricolage 2.0 on MySQL 5.0 if you want. This was a pretty big project, and I’m surprisingly pleased at how well it works now that all the kinks have been worked out (special thanks to Waldo Jaquith for being brave (foolish?) enough to start a Bricolage project on MySQL and thus to shake out some bugs).

  • Apache 2 support. This was started quite some time ago by Chris Heiland, hacked on later by Scott Lanning, and finally finished by yours truly. I look forward to dumping Apache 1 in the future.

There’s other stuff, too, lots of little things and not-so-little things. Altogether they go a long way toward making Bricolage better.

It’s been quite a day, and I’m glad to have it out the door. Four years is a long time to wait for a major release, and it happened not because of me, but thanks to the work of others who have picked up the gauntlet. Huge thanks especially to:

Many others provided feedback, patches, and bug reports, and I appreciate all the help. I hope to see you all for Bricolage 2.2!

Moving Towards Bricolage 2.0

Today I've finished just about over two and a half weeks of hacking on Bricolage. It has been a couple of years since I gave it much attention, but there was so much good stuff that other people have contributed that, since I had a little time, it seemed worth it to give it some love. So here's a quick list of all that I've done in the last two weeks:

  • Fixed all reported issues with Bricolage 1.10. Scott Lanning kindly released 1.10.5 yesterday with all of those fixes.

  • I integrated the element occurrence branch that Christian Muise had worked on as his 2006 Google Summer of Code project. Christian's project added support for maximum and mininum specfications for subelements in Bricolage, which allows administrators to define how many fields and elements can occur in a story or media document. All I had to do was add a few UI tweaks to support the new fields and their specification in the story profile, and all was ready to go. Oh, and I did have to go back and make the SOAP interface work with the feature, but the only reason it never did was lazy hacking of the SOAP interface (way before Christian's time). Nice work, Christian, and thank you for your contribution!

  • I fixed a few bugs with Arsu Andrei's port of Bricolage to MySQL, which was his 2006 Google Summer of Code project. Arsu did a terrific job with the port, with only a few minor things missed that he likely could not have caught anyway. This work had already been merged into the trunk. Thanks Arsu!

  • I fixed a bunch of bugs from Marshall Roch's AJAXification of Bricolage, carried out during his 2006 Google Summer of Code project. Marshall actually did a lot more stuff than he'd planned, as it all went quite smoothly. I found only a few minor oversights that I was able to eaily address. This work represents the single most visible change to how users user Bricolage since we launched the probject back in 2001. Editing stories, in particular, is now a lot cleaner, with far fewer page loads. Thanks a million, Marshall!

  • I completed the work started by Chris Heiland of the University of Washington, Bothell, and Scott Lanning of the World Health Organization to port Bricolage to Apache 2. They really did most of the hard work, and I just spent several days integrating everything, making sure all the features work, and updating the installer to handle differences in configuration. I thought this would take me a day or two, but it actually took the better part of a week! So much has changed, but in truth Bricolage is now better for running on mod_perl 2. Expect to see Apache 2 bet the recommended platform for Bricolage in a release in the near future.

  • I integrated a number of patches from Brian Smith of Gossamer Threads to allow the installer to be run as a non-root user. The key here is if the installer has to become the database super user, which is required for ident authentication, and of course whether files are to be installed somewhere on the system requiring super user access. This work is not done, yet, as make upgrade and make uninstall are not quite there yet. But we're getting there, and it should be all done in time for 2.0, thanks to Brian.

  • I added support for a whole slew of environment variables to the installer. Now you can set environment variables to override default settings for installation parameters, such as choice of RDBMS, Apache, location of an SSL cert and key, whether to support SLL, and lots of other stuff, besides. This is all documented in the Quick Installation Instructions section of Bric::Admin/INSTALL.

  • I fully tested and fixed a lot of bugs leftover from making the installer database- and Apache-neutral. Now all of these commands should work perfectly:

    • make
    • make cpan
    • make test
    • make install
    • make devtest
    • make clone
    • make uninstall
  • I improved the DHTML functionality of the Add More widget, which is used to add contact information to users and contributors, rules to alert types, and extensions to media types. I think it's pretty slick, now! This was built on Marshall's AJAX work.

All of these changes have been integrated into the Bricolage trunk and I've pushed out a developer release today. Please do check out all the goodness on a test box and send feedback or file bug reports! There are only a couple of other features waiting to go into Bricolage before we start the release candidate process. And, oh yeah, tht title of this blog post? It's not a lie. The next production release of Bricolage, based on all this work, will be Bricolage 2.0. Enough of the features we'd planned for Bricolage lo these many years ago are in the trunk that the new version number is warranted. I for one will be thrilled to see 2.0 ship in time for OSCON.

And in case it isn't already clear, many thanks to the Google Summer of Code and participating students for the great contributions! This release would not have been possible without them.

Also in the news today, the Bricolage server has been replaced! The new server, which hosts the Web site, the wiki and the instance of Bricolage used to manage the site itself, is graciously provided by the kind folks at Gossamer Threads. The server is Gossamer Threads's way of giving back to the Bricolage community as they prepare to launch a hosted Bricolage solution. Thaks GT!

The old Bricolage server was provided by pair Networds for the last five years. I'd just like to thank pair for the generous five-year loan of that box, which helped provided infrastructure for both Bricolage and Kineticode. Thank you, pair!

And with that, I'm going heads-down on some other projects. I'll pop back up to make sure that Bricolage 2.0 is released in a few months, but otherwise, I'm on to other things again for a while. Watch this space for details!

Bricolage GSoC Projects Completed

I'm very pleased to report that the Google Summer of Code Bricolage projects have all been successfully completed. The contributions of the three Summer of Coders, Marshall Roch, Christian Muise, and Andrei Arsu, will be included in the next major release of Bricolage. On behalf of the Bricolage community, like to extend my gratitude to Google for sponsoring these three excellent students to dramatically improve the interface, capabilities, and compatibility of Bricolage.

So what got done? Here's a rundown:

  • Marshall Roch added many slick Ajax features to Bricolage. The story profile now manages the editing of all elements and subelements in a single screen, with no loading of a separate screen for subelements. You can navigate to subelements by clicking on a tree structure right in the story profile. Subelements more than three levels down will be loaded dynamically when you get to them. You can also drag and drop fields and elements to reorder them.

    Other stuff that Marshall Ajaxified:

    • Document and category keyword editing

    • Document category association

    • Document output channel associations

    • Organizations in the source profile

    • The Add More sections of the user, contributor, media type, and alert type profiles

    • Roles in the contributor profile

    • Assets on desks and My Workspace

    Marshall worked hard to integrate more interactive features into this 2000-era application, and I, for one, appreciate his hard work. Great job, Marshall!

  • Christian Muise added support for an occurrence specification to element types and field types. That means that when you make an element type a subelement of another element type, you can specify the minimum and/or maximum number of times that it can be a subelement. So when an element of the parent type is created, it will automatically add the minimum number of instances of a subelement specified for that parent type. This will allow an entire element tree to be pre-populated as soon as you create a new story or media document. Leaving the min and max occurrence set to 0 (zero) maintains the old behavior (no required subelements and an unlimited number can be added).

    Christian did the same for field types, too. The old Required and Repeatable attributes are gone; now you just specify a minimum number to require that number of instances of a field, and a maximum number to limit the number of instances. Together with the element type occurrence specification, this functionality allows Bricolage administrators to have a lot more control over the structure of the documents created by editors.

    Christian worked hard to complete this project, despite other huge demands on his time this summer (including a full-time job!). But thanks to his active participation on the developer mail list and his willingness to ask questions of his mentor, Scott Lanning, and myself, he overcame all obstacles to implement these features. He even wrote a number of new tests to ensure that it works properly and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future.

    Excellent work, Christian, and thank you so much for your contribution!

  • Andrei Arsu ported Bricolage to MySQL 5. Bricolage has always run on PostgreSQL and used a number of PostgreSQL-specific features to ensure that it ran properly and well. Andrei took these on, converting the existing PostgreSQL DDL files to work on MySQL, figuring out how to convince MySQL to work with some of their idiosyncrasies, and writing compatibility functions in the MySQL driver and upgrade module so that things should largely just work. As a result, for the first time ever, you can now build and run Bricolage on MySQL. Can compatibility with other databases be far behind?

    Andrei picked up Perl very quickly during this project, and was able to understand how such horrible code as the Bricolage installer worked without running screaming from the project. His code was well-written and his approaches to compatibility flexible and scalable. Well done, Andrei!

Future Plans

The next tasks toward getting this code integrated and released are as follows:

  • Andrei will merge his MySQL port into subversion trunk. This should actually be fairly straight-forward.

  • Marshall will merge his Ajaxification work into trunk. I don't expect that there will be any conflicts with Andrei's work, as the two projects were orthogonal.

  • Christian will merge his occurrence specification work into trunk. This will require that he work some with Andrei to ensure that his changes to the PostgreSQL DDLs are propagated to the new MySQL DDLS. He will also then need to work with Marshall to make sure that the occurrence specification works properly with the Ajaxified UI.

Once these tasks have been completed, we'll be ready to release a development version of Bricolage with all three of these major improvements. The development release will allow members of the Bricolage community to start to play with the new features, report bugs, and make further suggestions for improvement. Expect the release sometime in the next six weeks or so.

Again, my thanks to Marshall, Christian, and Andrei for their hard work this summer, and for all that they have contributed to the Bricolage community and project. I hope that each will remain involved in the community, not only to support the features they've added, but to work with other members of the community to add new features, help newbies, and generally to spread the word.

Why Bricolage documents have UUIDs

Some time ago, I decided that all objects in Bricolage 2 would have Universally Unique Identifiers, also known as UUIDs. A UUID is guaranteed to be universally unique, never to be generated again by the same or any other system now or in the future. As anyone using Bricolage knows, all stories and media already have IDs, so why have UUIDs, as well? How does their purpose differ?

Well, first of all, the existing IDs are not really identifiers. What they are, instead, are primary keys. However, a primary key should ideally be a surrogate key, meaning that it has no other meaning outside of identifying a single database row. Sometimes you can use an intelligent key, meaning an attribute of the object being stored (such as a user login), for the primary key. But the problem with intelligent keys is that, should their values ever be changed (say a user's name changes and company login name conventions dictate that the login must be changed to represent the new name), all foreign key references will be broken. It is therefore easier, and more agile, to use a surrogate key with no inherent meaning to the object with which it is associated.

Now, once you start using an object ID that is actually a surrogate key for something other than identifying a row in a database, you add new meaning to it. At that point, it is no longer a surrogate. In Bricolage, this comes up when users want to use IDs for story URIs. At that point, the ID is no longer just a primary key identifying a database row, but it is also an object identifier. What happens if that identifier changes? Well, in general, it won't, so you'd be safe to use it for both purposes. But sometimes it does.

When? Some Bricolage users have decided to upgrade to a newer version of Bricolage by setting up the new version on a different server, exporting their data from the old server, and then importing it into the new. This can work reasonably well, but it has what may be an unintended side-effect for those who use the ID in the URI: all objects will get new primary keys when they're inserted into the new system.

What? you cry! Yes, that's right. Because the ID is used solely to identify a row in a database, when you insert an existing object into a new database, it gets stored in a new row. It therefore gets a new ID, and your URIs suddenly start to 404. Ouch.

The solution to this problem is to give Bricolage objects a universally unique identifier that can work anywhere, that means nothing other than this is a unique identifier for this object, and which are guaranteed not to change when you move an object from one system to another. Happily, the UUID standard exists for just this sort of thing. You are free to use a story's UUID in its URI without having to worry about it ever changing. IDs may change, but you don't have to worry about those.

For these reason, the forthcoming Bricolage 1.10.0 has added UUIDs to story and media objects, these being the objects most in need of UUIDs, and they are available for use in URIs. Looking to the future, the Kinetic Platform, currently under development and the platform to which Bricolage 2.0 will be ported, never exposes the primary key IDs at all. There is only the UUID for referencing objects externally. I judge this a very good thing.

TKP Permissions Design

So, I'm thinking of implementing permissions in the Kinetic Platform differently than they're implemented in Bricolage. Bricolage has a number of fixed permissions: READ, EDIT, RECALL, CREATE, PUBLISH, and DENY. These permissions are cumulative, so that if you have EDIT permission, it implies READ, and if you have CREATE, it implies RECALL, EDIT, and READ.

This design was based on Windows NT permissions (roughly), and has worked reasonably, well, but is annoying for various reasons. The most serious drawback is that it's difficult to understand. I always tell people who need to manage Bricolage permissions to read Bric::Security, and then read six more times. But aside from the impenetrability of the current permissions design, it's also difficult to add new permissions: where should they fit into the hierarchy? This is what happened with RECALL and PUBLISH, which were added in a later version of Bricolage. To this day, it's a bit confusing to some that, with RECALL permission, you can RECALL a story but not CREATE one.

So I'm looking around for other permissions patterns. Unix is nice, in that READ, WRITE, and EXECUTE permissions are all entirely independent, and apply to three classes of objects (file owner, file group, everyone). But Unix only needs to worry about files; Kinetic applications will have many more objects for which permissions will need to be specified. RT uses discreet permissions with names like AdminQueue, CommentOnTicket, CreateTicket, and StealTicket to be applied to every user or group. This strikes me as somewhat more useful, since the permissions are much more descriptive and can be targeted to particular objects. In fact, the permission names even indicate to what types of objects permissions apply!

So I'm thinking of leaving the cumulative permissions model behind and switching to more descriptive, discreet, and potentially numerous permissions. I'm not, however particularly fond of RT's approach of storing the permissions as strings in the database. Now, I could keep them as numbers, where each permission has its own unique number. This is similar to how Bricolage permissions work. Only I'd have to always use List::MoreUtil's any() function to see if a permission was in a list.

For example, say that an object had permissions with the numbers 1, 2, 5, 8, 12, 49, and 50. If these were stored in an array, then every time I had to check permissions, the can_do() function would have to search through those numbers:

sub can_do {
    my ($self, $to_check) = @_;
    my $perms = $self->perms;
    return any { $_ == $to_check } @$perms;

This isn't the most efficient approach, unfortunately. If there are a lot of numbers, and you were always checking one that was towards the end of the list of permissions, it'd always take a long time. So, an alternate approach--one that conveniently works well with discreet permissions--is to use powers of two for the permissions numbers: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, and so on. Then, for a given object, these can just be stored in a single number that's created by bit-wise ORing them together: 1 | 2 | 8 | 16. Fortunately, PostgreSQL has a nice aggregate function for this, bit_or(). (I'll have to create my own for SQLite.) Anyway, then the can_do() function becomes much simpler and more efficient:

sub can_do {
    my ($self, $to_check) = @_;
    return $self->perms & $to_check;

If the value of $to_check was in the list bit-ORed into their permissions number, it will be returned; otherwise, 0 will be returned. Not bad, eh?

So anyway, I'm soliciting feedback. Are discreet permissions better than cumulative permissions? And if so, are bit-wise ORed numbers the best way to represent an object ACLs?


% make devtest
PERL_DL_NONLAZY=1 /usr/bin/perl inst/ -d
        1801/10001 skipped: various reasons
All tests successful, 1801 subtests skipped.
Files=1, Tests=10001, 247 wallclock secs (110.30 cusr +  8.90 csys = 119.20 CPU)

How 'bout them apples?

Bricolage Now has PHP 5 Templating

Well, I've finally gone and done it. I've released Bricolage 1.9.0, the first development release towards 1.10.0, which I plan to get out sometime next month. Among the new features in this release that I'm most excited about are a revamped UI, LDAP authentication, and PHP 5 templating support.

The new UI is really nice. Marshall Roch ported it all to XHTML 1.0 strict plus CSS. All the layout is done with CSS now, instead of the old 1999-era table layouts we had before. The result is much smaller page loads, sometimes up to 70% smaller, Marshall tells me, and therefore much faster loads. Playing around with the new version (now powering the Kineticode and Bricolage Web sites, I do indeed find it to be a lot zippier. Couple the new UI with the new mod_gzip support and static Mason components, and things just perk right along! Oh, and the expandable interfaces for both lists of objects and for editing interfaces is very nice, indeed. Thank you Marshall for the great work!

Kineticode added the LDAP authentication support. We've been using a patch for it against 1.8.x for our internal version of Bricolage and it works great. Now we authenticate off of an OpenLDAP server, using the same usernames and passwords we use for our email, Subversion, and RT servers. The configuration is simple, via bricolage.conf directives, and you can even limit users who authenticate to members of a particular LDAP group. Users must exist in Bricolage, and if LDAP authentication fails, you can fall back on Bricolage's internal authentication. I'm hoping that the LDAP support goes a long way towards attracting more enterprise customers with single sign-on requirements.

And finally—yes, you heard right—Bricolage now supports PHP 5 templating in addition to the existing Perl-based templating architectures (Mason, Template Toolkit, and HTML::Template). So how did we add PHP 5 templating to a mod_perl application? Easy: we hired George Schlossnagle of Omni TI to write PHP::Interpreter, an embedded PHP 5 interpreter. Now anyone can natively execute PHP 5 code from a Perl application. Not only that, but the PHP 5 code can reach back into the Perl interpreter to use Perl modules and objects! Here's an example that I like to show off to the PHP crowd:

  $perl = Perl::getInstance();
  $perl->eval("use DBI");
  $perl->eval("use DateTime");
  $dbh = $perl->call("DBI::connect", "DBI", "dbi:SQLite:dbname=dbfile");
  $dbh->do("CREATE TABLE foo (bar TEXT, time DATETIME)");
  $now = $perl->call("DateTime::now", "DateTime");
  $ins = $dbh->prepare("INSERT INTO foo VALUES (?, ?)");
  $ins->execute("This is a test", $now);
  $sel = $dbh->prepare("SELECT bar, time FROM foo");
  $a = array("foo", "bar");
  foreach ($sel->fetch() as $val) {
      echo "$val\n";
  $dbh->do("DROP TABLE foo");

Note that George plans to add convenience methods to load Perl modules and call Perl class methods. Now, to execute this code from Perl, all you have to do is write a little script, call it pphp, like so:

use strict;
use PHP::Interpreter;
my $php = PHP::Interpreter->new;

Then just execute your PHP code with the script: pphp try.php. Yes, this does work! For years, when I've run across a PHP coder who wanted to try to tell me that PHP was better than Perl, I always had a one-word reply that left him cursing and conceding defeat: CPAN. Well no more. Now PHP hackers can use any module on CPAN, too!

And as for Bricolage, the integration of PHP 5 templating is completely transparent. Users just write PHP 5 templates instead of Mason templates and that's it! For example, this is a fairly common style Bricolage Mason template:

for my $e ($element->get_elements(qw(header para _pull_quote_))) {
    my $kn = $e->get_key_name;
    if ($kn eq "para") {
        $m->print("<p>", $e->get_data, "</p>\n");
    } elsif ($kn eq "header") {
        # Test sdisplay_element() on a field.
        $m->print("<h3>", $burner->sdisplay_element($e), "</h3>\n");
    } elsif ($kn eq "_pull_quote_" && $e->get_object_order > 1) {
        # Test sdisplay_element() on a container.
    } else {
        # Test display_element().

The same template in PHP 5 looks like this:

# Convenience variables.
$story   = $BRIC["story"];
$element = $BRIC["element"];
$burner  = $BRIC["burner"];
foreach ($element->get_elements("header", "para", "_pull_quote_") as $e) {
    $kn = $e->get_key_name();
    if ($kn == "para") {
        echo "<p>", $e->get_data(), "</p>\n";
    } else if ($kn == "header") {
        # Test sdisplay_element() on a field.
        echo "<h3>", $burner->sdisplay_element($e), "</h3>\n";
    } else if ($kn == "_pull_quote_" && $e->get_object_order() > 1) {
        # Test sdisplay_element() on a container.
        echo $burner->sdisplay_element($e);
    } else {
        # Test display_element().

Yes, you are seeing virtually the same thing. But this is just a simple template from Bricolage's test suite. The advantage is that PHP 5 coders who are familiar with all the ins and outs of PHP 5 can just jump in an get started writing Bricolage templates without having to learn any Perl! The Bricolage objects have exactly the same API as they do in Perl, because they are exactly the same objects! So everyone uses the same API documentation for the same tasks. The only issue I've noticed so far is that PHP 5 does not yet have proper Unicode support. Since all content in Bricolage is stored as UTF-8, this means that the PHP 5 templates must treat it as binary data. But this is okay as long as templaters use the mb_* PHP 5 functions to parse text.

Overall I'm very excited about this, and hope that it helps Bricolage to reach a whole new community of users. I'd like to thank Portugal Telecom— for sponsoring the development of PHP::Interpreter and its integration into Bricolage. I believe that they've really done the Bricolage community a great service, and I hope that the Perl and PHP communities likewise benefit from the integration possible with PHP::Interpreter.

And just so that the other templating architectures don't feel left out, here is how the above template looks in Template Toolkit:

[% FOREACH e = element.get_elements("header", "para", "_pull_quote_") %]
    [% kn = e.get_key_name %]
    [% IF kn == "para" %]
<p>[% e.get_data %]</p>
    [% ELSIF kn == "header" %]
        [% # display_element() should just return a value. %]
<h3>[% burner.display_element(e) %]</h3>
    [% ELSIF kn == "_pull_quote_" && e.get_object_order > 1 %]
        [% PERL %]
          # There is no sdisplay_element() in the TT burner, but we"ll just
          # Play with it, anyway.
          print $stash->get("burner")->display_element($stash->get("e"));
        [% END %]
    [% ELSE %]
        [% # Test display_element(). %]
        [% burner.display_element(e) %]
    [% END %]
[% END %]
[% burner.display_pages("_page_") %]

And here it is in HTML::Template:

<tmpl_if _page__loop>
<tmpl_loop _page__loop>
<tmpl_include name="testing/sub/util.tmpl">
<tmpl_var _page_>
<tmpl_var page_break>
<tmpl_include name="testing/sub/util.tmpl">

I had to use the utility template with HTML::Template to get it to work right, don't ask why. It looks like this:

<tmpl_loop element_loop>
<tmpl_if is_para>
<p><tmpl_var para></p>
<tmpl_if is_header>
<h3><tmpl_var header></h3>
<tmpl_if is__pull_quote_>
<tmpl_var _pull_quote_>

These templates come from the Bricolage test suite, where until this release, there were never any template tests before. So you can see that the PHP 5 templating initiative has had major benefits for the stability of Bricolage, too. Now that I've really worked with all four templating architectures in Bricolage, I can now say that my preference for which to do goes in this order:

  1. Mason, because of its killer autohandler and inheritance architecture
  2. PHP 5 or Template Toolkit are tied for second place
  3. HTML::Template

In truth, all four are capable and have access to the entire Bricolage API so that they can output anything. So what are you waiting for? Download Bricolage and give it a try!

Bricolage 1.8.6 Released

The Bricolage development team is pleased to announce the release of Bricolage 1.8.6. This maintenance release addresses numerous minor issues in Bricolage 1.8.5 and adds a number of improvements, including SOAP, document expiration, and bric_queued fixes. The most important changes include:


  • Added JavaScript code to validate that the username in the user profile does not have leading or trailing spaces. [David]
  • Events in the event log are now returned (and displayed) in reverse chronological order. [David]
  • The SOAP server now uses a user's template sandbox when executing previews (such as with bric_soap --to-preview workflow publish). Reported by Marshall. [David]
  • Bric::Biz::Workflow now caches calls to allowed_desks(). This will allow desks to render much Faster, since most assets on a desk will list the same desks in the Move to select lists. [David]
  • When the PUBLISH_RELATED_ASSETS bricolage.conf directive is enabled, aliases are now also republished. Only aliases that have previously been published will be republished, and only the last published version will be republished, rather than any versions created since the last publish. Suggested by Serge Sozonoff. [David]
  • A story or media document published with an expire date earlier than the scheduled publish time no longer bothers with the publish but just expires the story or media document. [David]
  • Media documents without an associated media file will no longer be displayed in the search results when attempting to relate a media document to an element. Reported by Adam Rinehart. [David]

Bug Fixes

  • Form validation and group management now properly work in the user profile. [David]
  • The SFTP mover now works with bric_queued. [David]
  • Cloned stories now properly set the published_version attribute to undef rather than the value of the original story, thus preventing the clone from having a published version number greater than its current version number. Reported by Nate Perry-Thistle and Joshua Edelstein. [David and Nate Perry-Thistle]
  • When a category is added to a story that creates a URI conflict, the new category does not remain associated with the story in the story profile after the conflict error has been thrown. Reported by Paul Orrock. [David]
  • Contributor groups created in the contributor profile are no longer missing from the contributor manager search interface. Reported by Rachel Murray and Scott. [David]
  • The favicon.ico works again. [David]
  • Stories are now properly expired when the BRIC_QUEUED bricolage.conf directive is enabled. Reported by Scott. [David]
  • When a template is checked out of the library and then the checkout is canceled, it is no longer left on the desk it was moved into upon the checkout, but properly reshelved. Reported by Marshall. [David]
  • Super Bulk Edit now works for media as well as stories. Reported by Scott. [David]
  • When a template is moved to a new category, the old version of the template is undeployed when the new version is deployed to the new category. The versions in the sandbox are properly synced, as well.

For a complete list of the changes, see the changes. For the complete history of ongoing changes in Bricolage, see Bric::Changes.

Download Bricolage 1.8.6 now from the Bricolage Web site Downloads page, from the SourceForge download page, and from the Kineticode download page.

About Bricolage

Bricolage is a full-featured, enterprise-class content management and publishing system. It offers a browser-based interface for ease-of use, a full-fledged templating system with complete HTML::Mason, HTML::Template, and Template Toolkit support for flexibility, and many other features. It operates in an Apache/mod_perl environment and uses the PostgreSQL RDBMS for its repository. A comprehensive, actively-developed open source CMS, Bricolage has been hailed as quite possibly the most capable enterprise-class open-source application available by eWEEK.

How the Bricolage Summer of Code Projects were Selected

As you may have read, we got quite a number of applications from students wishing to contribute to Bricolage as part of Google's Summer of Code initiative. Quite a few of them were very good. There were eight projects I wanted to accept, but, Bricolage was allocated only four projects. Of course, this is four more than we would have had otherwise, and I'm really excited to be working with them this summer.

The four winning projects are:

  • Add Input Channels, by Marshall Roch
  • New Sample Document types and templates, by Scott Loyd
  • Port Bricolage to Apache 2/mod_perl 2 and Windows, by Sam Strasser
  • Port Bricolage to MySQL, by Tamas Mezei

The other projects I wanted to get but could not were:

  • Ad Bulk Edik, Bulk Media Upload, and Site Tags, by Andreas Hofmeister
  • Element Occurrence Specification, by Christian James Muise
  • Add JSP Templating, by Adrian Fernandez
  • Update and Modernize the Installer, by Yiannis Valassakis

I am hoping that some of these students might want to work on their projects, anyway. I've even found other developers to help with the mentoring of JSP templating (Patrick LeBoutillier with Perl/Java voodo) and the installer modernization (Sam Tregar of Matchstick fame). Unfortunately, I've not heard back from any of them after sending them an invite to participate in the project. C'est la vie, I guess

The hardest part of the proposal evaluation process was selecting from the 20 proposals to port Bricolage to MySQL. Ultimate, there were four excellent proposals for this project. Reading the proposals over and over, I couldn't decide between them. Ultimately, I sent an email to the four top contenders with the following items for them to reply to:

  1. Please describe in a line or two your Perl knowledge or experience (if any).
  2. Please describe in a line or two your MySQL and PostgreSQL knowledge or experience (if any).
  3. Please describe any previous Bricolage usage experience.
  4. Please describe any previous Bricolage development experience.
  5. Please describe any previous Open Source development experience.
  6. What school do you attend?
  7. What is your specialty at the school?
  8. How many years have you attended there?
  9. How much time do you expect to have for this project?
  10. Have you applied for any other Summer of Code projects? If so, which ones?
  11. Your personal or professional web page URL (if any).
  12. Would you be willing to collaborate with another developer who might be working on a SQLite port to ensure that your changes can fully inter-operate?
  13. Please outline your project plan for porting Bricolage to MySQL, including a description of what parts of the Bricolage API, DDLs, installer, and upgrader would need to be modified to complete the project.

For better or for worse, all four applicants responded with detailed answers to my questions. They were all great, and that made it even harder to select just one of them. At this point, there were only a few hours left to rank applicants in Google's SoC Admin Web app, so I figured I had to get more objective—or at least fool myself into thinking I was.

So I decided to rank each applicant from one to five for each question, and then add up all of the results and see who came out on top. So now I was comparing answers to a single question between applicants, and filling in scores for them in a spreadsheet. As it was, things were still really close; yes, all of the students where that good! Tamas came out on top with a score of 30, two others were tied at 28, and the fourth applicant scored 26. They were close enough that I wanted to review them all one more time, this time paying specific attention to the last item in my questionnaire, the project plan.

Each of the four applicants had taken the time to read the mail lists and had looked at the existing Bricolage code. But there were varying levels of detail and demonstration of knowledge for how to implement the MySQL port, but Tamas did come out slightly ahead on this item, so I gave his proposal the green light.

But in truth, I would have been happy with any one of those four applicants. I was only sorry I had to choose only one! If Google does this again, I think I'll list many more project ideas on the Bricolage Web site, and try to steer people to the mail lists to discuss their ideas before sending them in. Then I might end up with 11 great applications!

Bricolage Summer of Code Application Summary

Total Applications48
Gibberish Applications2
Wrong Project2
Students with 2 Applications3
Students with 4 Applications1

Google has finally launched the WebApp for the project administrators for its Summer of Code initiative. I logged in, thinking that Bricolage might get five or ten applications.

No, there were 48! I've just started going through them, but the table to the left contains a quick summary of what came in.

That leaves 42 applications! (Huh, and 42 happens to be the answer. Imagine that.) After a quick survey, the table below summarizes how they break down in terms of the projects and number of proposals. There are more than 42 here because quite a few applications group together a number of tasks.

MySQL Port20
SQLite Port10
Apache 2/mod_perl 2/Windows Port4
Modernize the Installer3
JSP Templating2
Hierarchical Bulk Editing2
Category Permission Inheritance2
Site Tagging and Rollback2
ASP.NET Templating1
Bulk Media Uploading1
Apache 2/mod_perl 2 port1
Rewrite Bricolage in PHP1
Element Occurrence Specification1
I can improve Bricolage1
Input Channels1
Concurrent Checkouts & Conflict Resolution1
Subversion Integration1
New Sample Templates1
Add Middle Initials to Contributors1

I am stunned and amazed by the sheer number of proposals the project received. There are quite a few good ones, too. I've told Google that I can handle five or six projects, but it might end up being a lot! I'll have to really pare them down this weekend. So fare I've eliminated a dozen or so that are simple one-liners (such as, Port Bricolage to mySQL[sic]), but now the real work of comparing and contrasting begins—especially for all of those MySQL proposals!

Bricolage a Google Summer of Code Project

The Bricolage project is pleased to have been selected to be a partner in the Google Summer of Code. This Initiative is designed to introduce students to the world of Open Source Software Development and provide them with a $4500 award for completing an Open Source project before the end of Summer.

As a partner, we are currently looking for student volunteers to propose Bricolage development projects. We have created a list of suggested project ideas. If you're interested in hacking on Bricolage for fame and fortune, join the Bricolage Developers mail list or sign on to #bricolage on (MagNet) to outline your proposal and get feedback as you prepare to submit it to Google. You can also join the Google Summer-Discuss group or sign on to #google-summer on for more general discussion of the Summer of Code.

But hurry, the deadline for proposal submissions is June 14! Students who get Bricolage projects accepted will be mentored by me and other members of the Bricolage community.

We look forward to your proposals!

Bricolage 1.8.5 Released

The Bricolage development team is pleased to announce the release of Bricolage 1.8.5. This maintenance release addresses a number of issues in Bricolage 1.8.3 and adds a number of improvements (there was no announcement for the short-lived 1.8.4 release). The SOAP server in particular sees improvements in this release, with improved character set support; better support for related stories and media using URIs in addition to IDs; and as support for top-level element relations. Issues with the ordering of story elements have also been corrected, as well as errors when attempting to revert a story or media document or template. Here are the other highlights of this release:


  • Added Linux startup script contrib/start_scripts/linux. [David]
  • Related story and media elements managed through the SOAP server can now use a combination of URI and site ID to identify related assets in addition to the existing approach of using story and media IDs. [David]
  • A list of subelements is now less likely to mysteriously become out of order and thus lead to strange action-at-a-distance errors. And even if they do become out of order, the error message will be more appropriate (Warning! State inconsistent instead of Can't call method "get_name" on an undefined value). Reported by Curtis Poe. [David]
  • The SOAP media interface now supports creating relationships between the media documents elements and other story and media documents, just like the SOAP story interface does. [David]
  • The SOAP interface now supports Related stories and media on story type and media type elements just as in the UI. This involved the somewhat hackish necessity for including the related_story_id and related_media_id (or related_story_uri and related_media_uri) attributes in the elements XML element, but it does the trick. [David]

Bug Fixes

  • Calls to publish documents via SOAP will no longer fail if the published_version attribute is not specified and the document to be published has never been published before. [David]
  • The Bricolage virtual FTP server will no longer fail to start if Template Toolkit is installed but its version number is less than 2.14. Reported by Adam Rinehart. [David]
  • Stories and Media created or updated via the SOAP interface will now associate contributors of the appropriate type, instead of All Contributors. [Scott & David]
  • Deleting an element that has a template no longer causes an error. Thanks to Susan for the spot! [David]
  • Eliminated encoding errors when using the SOAP interface to output stories, media, or templates with wide characters. Reported by Scott Lanning. [David]
  • Reverting (stories, media, templates) no longer gives an error. Reported by Simon Wilcox, Rachel Murray, and others. [David]
  • Publishing a published version of a document that has a later version in workflow will no longer cause that later version to be mysteriously removed from workflow. This could be caused by passing a document looked up using the published_version to list() to $burner->publish_another in a template. [David]
  • The SOAP server story and media interfaces now support elements that contain both related stories and media, rather than one or the other. [David]
  • Attempting to preview a story or media document currently checked out to another user no longer causes an error. Reported by Paul Orrock. [David]
  • Custom fields with default values now have their values included when they are added to stories and media. Thanks to Clare Parkinson for the spot! [David]
  • The bric_queued script now requires a username and password and will authenticate the user. This user will then be used for logging events. All events logged when a job is run via the UI are now also logged by bric_queued. [Mark and David]
  • Preview redirections now use the protocol setting of the preview output channel if it’s available, and falls back on using http:// when it’s not, instead of using the hard-coded http://. Thanks to Martin Bacovsky for the spot! [David]
  • The has_keyword() method in the Business class (from which the story and media classes inherit) now works. Thanks to Clare Parkinson for the spot! [David]
  • Clicking a link in the left-side navigation after the session has expired now causes the whole window to show the login form, rather than it showing inside the nav frame, which was useless. [Marshall]
  • The JavaScript that validates form contents once again works with htmlArea, provided htmlArea itself is patched. See the relevant htmlArea bug report for the patch. As of this writing, you must run the version of htmlArea in CVS. [David & Marshall]
  • The JavaScript that handles the double list manager has been vastly optimized. It should now be able to better handle large lists, such as a list of thousands of categories. Reported by Scott. [Marshall]
  • Uploading a new image to a media document with a different media type than the previous image no longer causes an Imager error. [David]

For a complete list of the changes, see the changes. For the complete history of ongoing changes in Bricolage, see Bric::Changes.

Download Bricolage 1.8.5 now from the Bricolage Web site Downloads page, from the SourceForge download page, and from the Kineticode download page.

About Bricolage

Bricolage is a full-featured, enterprise-class content management and publishing system. It offers a browser-based interface for ease-of use, a full-fledged templating system with complete HTML::Mason, HTML::Template, and Template Toolkit support for flexibility, and many other features. It operates in an Apache/mod_perl environment and uses the PostgreSQL RDBMS for its repository. A comprehensive, actively-developed open source CMS, Bricolage was hailed as quite possibly the most capable enterprise-class open-source application available by eWEEK.

Bricolage 1.8.3 Released

The Bricolage development team is pleased to announce the release of Bricolage 1.8.3. This maintenance release addresses a number of issues in Bricolage 1.8.2. The most important changes eliminate or greatly reduce the number of deadlocks caused during bulk publishes of many documents. Other changes include new contributed scripts for importing contributors and for generating thumbnail images, Russian localization, and various fixes for database transaction, template formatting, and various user interface fixes. Here are the other highlights of this release:


  • Added contrib/thumbnails/ script to pre-create thumbnails from images. Useful for upgraders. [Scott]
  • Added contrib/bric_import_contribs to import contributors from a tab-delimited file. Development by Kineticode, sponsored by the RAND Corporation. [David]
  • Added the published_version parameter to the list() methods of the story, media, and template classes. This parameter forces the search to return the versions of the assets as they were last published, rather than the most recent version. This will be most useful to those looking up other documents in templates and publishing them, as a way of avoiding pulling documents out from other anyone who might have them checked out! [David]
  • All publishing and distribution jobs are now executed in their own transactions when they are triggered by the user interface. This is to reduce the chances of a deadlock between long-running publishing transactions. [David]
  • Optimized SQL queries for key names or that order by string values to use indexes in the list() and list_ids() methods of the story, media, and template classes. [David]
  • Added Russian localization. [Sergey Samoilenko].
  • Changed the foreign keys in the story, media, and formatting (template) tables so that DELETEs do not cascade, but are restricted. This means that before deleting any source, element, site, workflow, or other related object that has a foreign key reference in an asset table, those rows must be deleted. Otherwise, PostgreSQL will throw an exception. Hopefully, this will put a stop to the mysterious but very rare disappearance of stories from Bricolage. [David]
  • A call to $burner->burn_another in a template that passes in a date/time string in the future now causes a publish job to be scheduled for that time, rather than immediate burning the document and then scheduling the distribution to take place in the future. Reported by Ashlee Caul. [David]
  • Changing the sort order of a list of items in a search interface now properly reverses the entire collection of object over the pages, rather than just the objects for the current page. Thanks to Marshall for the spot! [David]

Bug Fixes

  • Publishing stories not in workflow via the SOAP server works again. [David]
  • The Burner object’s encoding attribute is now setable as well as readable. [David]
  • The category browser works again. [David]
  • Fixed Media Upload bug where the full local path was being used, by adding a winxp key to Bric::Util::Trans::FS to account for an update to HTTP::BrowserDetect. [Mark Kennedy]
  • Instances of a required custom field in story elements is no longer required once it has been deleted from the element definition in the element manager. Reported by Rod Taylor. [David]
  • A false value passed to the checked_out parameter of the list() and list_ids() methods of the story, media, and template (formatting) classes now properly returns only objects or IDs for assets that are not checked out. [David]
  • The cover date select widget now works properly in the clone interface when a non-ISO style date preference is selected. Thanks to Susan G. for the spot! [David]
  • Sorting templates based on Asset Type (Element) no longer causes an error. [David]
  • Fixed a number of the callbacks in the story, media, and template profiles so that they didn’t clear out the session before other callbacks were done with it. Most often seen as the error Can’t call method get_tiles on an undefined value in the media profile, especially with IE/Windows (for some unknown reason). Reported by Ed Stevenson. [David]
  • Fixed typo in clone page that caused all output channels to be listed rather than only those associated with the element itself. [Scott]
  • Fixed double listing of the All group in the group membership double list manager. [Christian Hauser]
  • Image buttons now correctly execute the onsubmit() method for forms that define an onsubmit attribute. This means that, among other things, changes to a group profile will persist when you click the Permissions button. [David]
  • Simple search now works when it is selected when the Default Search preference is set to Advanced. Reported by Marshall Roch. [David]
  • Multiple alert types set up to trigger alerts for the same event will now all properly execute. Thanks to Christian Hauser for the spot! [David]
  • Publishing stories or media via SOAP with the published_only parameter (--published-only for bric_republish) now correctly republishes the published versions of documents even if the current version is in workflow. Reported by Adam Rinehart. [David]
  • Users granted a permission greater than READ to the members of the All Users group no longer get such permission to any members of the Global Admins group unless they have specifically been granted such permission to the members of the Global Admins group. Thanks to Marshall Roch for the spot! [David]

For a complete list of the changes, see the changes. For the complete history of ongoing changes in Bricolage, see Bric::Changes.

Download Bricolage 1.8.3 now from the Bricolage Website Downloads page, from the SourceForge download page, and from the Kineticode download page.

About Bricolage

Bricolage is a full-featured, enterprise-class content management and publishing system. It offers a browser-based interface for ease-of use, a full-fledged templating system with complete HTML::Mason, HTML::Template, and Template Toolkit support for flexibility, and many other features. It operates in an Apache/mod_perl environment and uses the PostgreSQL RDBMS for its repository. A comprehensive, actively-developed open source CMS, Bricolage was hailed as quite possibly the most capable enterprise-class open-source application available by eWEEK.


--The Bricolage Team

On Making a Better Open-Source CMS

Jeffrey Veen posted some of his thoughts on the (dreary) state of open-source CMSs. So I just thought I'd comment on his thoughts. Keep your salt grains handy.

As a CMS developer, my point of view is quite naturally biased. However, I agree with some of Jeffrey's points, and disagree with others. Well, not disagree so much as wish to qualify. Many of your points betray a certain perspective that does not (and, naturally, cannot) apply to anyone and everyone who is evaluating content management systems. So let me just try to address each of your points and how they related to Bricolage.

Make it easy to install. Well, yes, of course, and I'll be the first to admit that Bricolage is difficult to install. But your requirement that you be able to install it from the browser just isn't feasible with a CMS that aims to scale to the needs of a large organization. The security implications alone make give me the heebee-jeebies. It's fine if you want to just manage your own personal site, but not if you're aiming to serve the complex needs of the corporate marketplace.

That said, it might be reasonable to create a simple installer that's useful for doing a local evaluation of a major CMS, one that doesn't rely on an RDBMS and an Apache Web server installation. (RT (not a CMS) has been working on a simple executable that uses an embedded database and Web server for those who want to evaluate it. For Bricolage, we at one time had a KNOPPIX CD that one could use to try it out. But for the rest, the best solution is probably an RPM, BSD Package, Debian package, or the like--something that can integrate the application into the base operating system.

Make it easy to get started. Bricolage is pretty bad about this, mostly because the default templates that come with it suck. That will change eventually, but the bigger issue is that when you have a complex, flexible application, it's tricky to present a simple getting started configuration without locking the user into just using that configuration (witness all the identical Microsoft Home Page sites on the 'Net to see what I mean). But that's no excuse for a system like Bricolage--those who need the more advanced features could take advantage of them when they're ready. It's just a matter of finding the tuits (or the volunteer) to make it happen.

Write task-based documentation first. In my experience, most complex open-source applications that have task-based documentation have it when they author a book. Yes, most of these systems have grown organically, and documentation gets written as volunteers make the time. But the best documentation I've found for open-source software has tended to be in published books. Though I think that trend is gradually changing.

Separate the administration of the CMS from the editing and managing of content. In Bricolage, you do not have to switch accounts to have access to the administrative tools. And although the administrative tools are part of the same UI, they have an entirely different section and set of navigation menus. Users who don't have permission to use those tools don't notice them.

Users of a public web site should never--never--be presented with a way to log into the CMS. Amen, brotha.

Stop it with the jargon already. Finding good terminology is hard, hard work. Bricolage is broken in this respect in a few ways, but I'm thinking of replacing jobs with fembots in 2.0. What do you think?

But seriously, we try to match the terms to what is commonly used, such as document, site, category, keyword, template, etc. Other terms, such as element (the parts of a document are its elements) are well-integrated into the system, so that users pick up on it very quickly.

Why do you insist Web sites have columns? I'm in complete agreement with you here. In Bricolage, you can write templates to output any kind of content you want, in any format you want. If you want columns, fine, generate them from Bricolage. If you want a standards-compliant layout, generate it from Bricolage. You can have 1998-era tables with Flash and you can have RSS feeds. Do what you want, make it flexible or make it complex.

But note that the flexibility comes at the price of complexity. And try as we might to make Bricolage The Macintosh of Content Management Systems, as long as the definition of the term Content Management System is all over the map, commonalities of metaphors, interfaces, and, well, philosophies between CMSs will continue to be all over the map.

But that's just my opinion.

Bricolage 1.8.2 Released

The Bricolage development team is pleased to announce the release of Bricolage 1.8.2. This maintenance release addresses quite a large number of issues in Bricolage 1.8.1. The most important changes were to enhance Unicode support in Bricolage. Bricolage now internally handles all text content as UTF-8 strings, thus enabling templates to better control the manipulation of multibyte characters. Other changes include better performance for searches using the ANY() operators and more intelligent transaction handling for distribution jobs. Here are the other highlights of this release:


  • Bricolage now runs under a DSO mod_perl as long as it uses a Perl compiled with -Uusemymalloc or -Ubincompat5005. See The mod_perl FAQ for details.
  • Alerts triggered to be sent to users who don't have the appropriate contact information will now be logged for those users so that they can see them and acknowledge them under My Alerts.
  • Added bric_media_dump script to contrib/.
  • The category association interface used in the story profile when the ENABLE_CATEGORY_BROWSER bricolage.conf directive is enabled now uses radio buttons instead of a link to select the primary category. Suggested by Scott Lanning.
  • Existing jobs are now executed within their own transactions, as opposed to no transaction specification. This means that each job must succeed or fail independent of any other jobs. New jobs are executed before being inserted into the database so as to keep them atomic within their surrounding transaction (generally a UI request). All this means that transactionality is much more intelligent for jobs and will hopefully eliminate job table deadlocks.
  • All templates now execute with UTF-8 character strings enabled. This means that any templates that convert content to other character sets might need to change the way they do so. For example, templates that had used <%filter> blocks to convert content to another encoding using something like Encode::from_to($_, 'utf-8', $encoding) must now use something like $_ = Encode::encode($encoding, $_), instead. Bric::Util::CharTrans should continue to do the right thing.
  • Added encoding attribute to Bric::Util::Burner so that, if templates are outputting something other than Perl utf8 decoded data, they can specify what they're outputting, and the file opened for output from the templates will be set to the proper mode. Applies to Perl 5.8.0 and later only.
  • Added SFTP_HOME bricolage.conf directive to specify the home directory and location of SSH keys when SSH is enabled.

Bug Fixes

  • make clone once again properly copies the lib/Makefile.PL and bin/Makefile.PL files from the source directory.
  • Added missing language-specifying HTML attributes so as to properly localize story titles and the like.
  • The list of output channels to add to an element in the element profile now contains the name of the site that each is associated with, since different sites can have output channels with the same names.
  • The Advanced Search interface once again works for searching for related story and media documents.
  • Bricolage no longer attempts to email alerts to an empty list of recipients. This will make your SMTP server happier.
  • The version numbering issues of Bricolage modules have all been worked out after the confusion in 1.8.1. This incidentally allows the HTML::Template and Template Toolkit burners to be available again.
  • Misspelling the name of a key name tag or including a non-repeatable field more than once in Super Bulk Edit no longer causes all of the changes in that screen to be lost.
  • When a user overrides the global Date/Time Format and Time Zone preferences, the affects of the overrides are now properly reflected in the UI.
  • Publishing a story or media document along with its related story or media documents from a publish desk again correctly publishes the original asset as well as the relateds.
  • Deleted output channels no longer show up in the select list for story type and media type elements.
  • Deleting a workflow from the workflow manager now properly updates the workflow cache so that the deleted workflow is removed from the left navigation without a restart.
  • When Bricolage notices that a document or template is not in workflow or on a desk when it should be, it is now more intelligent in trying to select the correct workflow and/or desk to put it on, based on current workflow context and user permissions.
  • Content submitted to Bricolage in the UTF-8 character set is now always has the utf8 flag set on the Perl strings that store it. This allows fields that have a maximum length to be truncated to that length in characters instead of bytes.
  • Elements with autopopulated fields (e.g., for image documents) can now be created via the SOAP interface.
  • Fixed a number of the parameters to the list() method of the Story, Media, and Template classes to properly handle an argument using the ANY operator. These include the keyword and category_uri parameters. Passing an ANY argument to these parameters before this release could cause a well-populated database to lock up with an impossible query for hours at a time.
  • Template sandboxes now work for the Template Toolkit burner.

For a complete list of the changes, see the changes. For the complete history of ongoing changes in Bricolage, see Bric::Changes.

Download Bricolage 1.8.2 now from the Bricolage Website Downloads page, from the SourceForge download page, and from the Kineticode download page.

About Bricolage

Bricolage is a full-featured, enterprise-class content management and publishing system. It offers a browser-based interface for ease-of use, a full-fledged templating system with complete HTML::Mason, HTML::Template, and Template Toolkit support for flexibility, and many other features. It operates in an Apache/mod_perl environment and uses the PostgreSQL RDBMS for its repository. A comprehensive, actively-developed open source CMS, Bricolage was hailed as quite possibly the most capable enterprise-class open-source application available by eWEEK.